Wooden domDerevyanny country house. Wooden houses were always people a safe haven from the heat and cold, wind and rain, they warm and comfortable. Quite a long time home of the tree were for people with housing priority. And in Nowadays, attention to domamsdelannye with wood only grows. We want to break out of the city and connect with nature.
The tree was a natural, environmentally friendly material. Due to the fact that it has a natural porous structure of the wood "breathes". Due to this, in wooden houses and humidity is automatically maintained atmosphere. In wooden houses cool in the heat and warm in the cold. The tree in the house makes a comfortable environment and great for Living microclimate. Type of wooden houses, their wonderful smell attracts and creates a "warm" atmosphere. In addition, the tree is used perfectly in our latitudes, as a reliable building material.
History of managed prove – wooden houses are long, and they look really pleases the eye and creates the impression of a fairy tale. The most common wood houses are built of pine wood. In addition, conifers (pine and spruce) – is more frequent tree species, based on this construction are the most economical. These wooden houses are more durable and less prone to decay, in contrast to the buildings of the hardwood. In addition, the trunk of spruce and pine smooth, thanks to which more fully utilized material.Sopastovlenie wooden and stone houses. Wooden houses – a traditional form of suburban housing. In these homes have several advantages over the stone. At lower price, wooden houses have the opportunity to use seasonal, coming in the cold season but not for long. In these houses, in contrast to the stone houses, will not mildew and fungus. Also, wooden houses quickly and easily heat thoroughly. The problem is that the stone ohms, as opposed to wooden buildings, not "breathe". In order to prevent mold and mildew in the winter they will have to continuously warm. This is done by installing a system "Smart home" or permanent residence. To protopit cooled wooden houses, have several times faster than the stone, in addition to the homes of the tree can not live forever. Wooden houses owned by another priority: the data home and light enough so wooden houses do not require heavy and expensive foundation. If possible, a fairly wide selection, the main priority of the required foundation is the nature of the ground on which to build a house.
Collective gardens are divided according to the number of garden plots for small (30 to 100), medium (from 101 to 300) and large (over 300). The territory must be built up collective gardens in accordance with the approved design organization and development of their territory. To improve soil fertility, it is possible to divide the whole area on the terrace, reinforced retaining walls. Terraces have a slope from west to east and lay flat. It makes sense to dig up the top section of the pond to water used for irrigation, and the released ground – for the construction of terraces. One of the conditions of successful planning area is the consideration of the horizon. You need to know how to cover the site during the day and at different times of the year.
When placing the site on the east or western slope of the ground under the house make for higher ground, and in the lowlands of the planned economic construction. In a valley, you can also put a pond, and soil and the soil remaining after its excavation, used to leveling of the slope, if necessary. When choosing a place under the house should be remembered that the building will fall shade. So, on the north side facade of the house will always be in shadow, and the south – too hot in the sun. Based on this place is the best option at home – in the direction from west to east.
Place to build a home it is desirable to choose the east or south-west corner, or in the middle of the site. It is desirable to take into account the location buildings on adjacent plots. So, home from home is located no closer than 6 m, and from the farm buildings – no closer than 7 meters if you want to plan so as to better utilize the land, the house must be put in the shorter its borders. Between street and the facade of the house it is desirable to arrange a garden. From the street it can be separated by hedges or fences. Garden is usually a decorative barrier against noise and dust, or perform an aesthetic function. Household buildings, usually erect in the depths of the site at a considerable distance from residential homes, but sometimes they parked to the house. When placing latrines outbuildings, grounds for composting facilities for animal and poultry must be observed epidemiological standards. Garage located close to the entry to the site. Sometimes it is placed close to the fence area to go outside the gate and are flush with the wall. Near the house, usually on the opposite side of the outbuildings have a recreation area with lawn, gazebo, ornamental pond, swimming pool, playground, flower garden, alpiys, 'What the slide, etc. What will be included in this zone, depends entirely on your hobbies, opportunities, and, of course, the size of the site. Gardening placed for seating. Separately distribute fruit trees, shrubs, vegetables, strawberries. At the same time must take into account the need for plants in the sunlight. Fruit trees and bushes are placed on the north side area, so they do not shade vegetables in the beds. On the south side it is best to take place in the garden.
Metal pipes are made by rolling, welding (or soldered), pressing, drawing, and a combination of these methods, as well as extract from the molten metal and casting. It should be borne in mind that the tubular products turns out not only round, but fitting, as well as a variable cross-section diameter and wall thickness. Metallurgical plants producing pipes from carbon, alloy and high alloy steels, nonferrous metals and alloys of complex composition, bi-metal pipes, etc. Consider the most common methods of production of seamless and welded tubes, obtained using the methods of metal in a plastic condition. Production of seamless pipes hot rolling seamless pipe the manufacture of the first basic operation is flashing round ingot or billet in the sleeve, ie, getting a thick-walled tube. Characteristically, making a hollow sleeve is a very responsible operation that ultimately determines the quality of finished products and the performance of rolling equipment. Firmware harvesting usually is performed in mills, which by design is divided into roll (with obliquely positioned rollers), and disk mills with mushroom rolls. Follow-up sleeves rolled into a tube the required diameter and wall thickness can be performed on automatic mill, the mill pilgrim rolling on a continuous or triple roll mill.
Consider the main features of the receiving tube in these ways. Rolling mills are on automatic seamless pipes diameter of 57-426 mm and wall thickness of 3-30 mm. This method is most common. There is a layout of the equipment automatically mill, and tufted with two automatic one cage for the manufacture of pipes diameter of 140-426 mm. The initial product in this case, use the blank round, obtained by rolling in heavy-and trubozagotovochnyh mills. Workpiece diameter pipes are usually little different from the diameter of the finished pipe. Before rolling the metal is heated in the reheat furnaces or furnaces with a rotating circular hearth. The heated billet after centering the front end of a pneumatic tsentrovatelem for reduction in the flash tube and gage improve the capture of metal rollers comes to piercing mill.
When the firmware receives a blank 2-3.5 times the hood. The maximum value extraction does not exceed 4,5-4,8. Post-processing is performed on an automatic sleeve camp, which is a non-reversible stands duo, in rolls which are arranged sequentially around the gauges. The task of the metal in the rolls in the caliber arbor set, fixed on a long rod so that the gap between sending and gauge determines the thickness of the walls of the rolled tube. The deformation of the metal in this case occurs between the rollers and mandrel, with the addition of thinning the wall has been some reduction in external diameter of the pipe. Since rolling on a round mandrel in a single pass does not provide a uniform deformation of the tube wall on the perimeter, then have to give two and sometimes three passes with the rotation of the tube after each pass through 90 . Hood in one pass, usually no more than 1.4-1.6, and the total may be 1.5-2.1.
The monitor uses a TFT-matrix with a resolution of 1920×1080 pixels. and 5ms response time, brightness is 250 cd / m , 1000:1 contrast ratio, 170/160 viewing angle and supports 3D Noise Reduction. In addition, the monitor is equipped with various video input interfaces, VGA, 2xBNC and HDMI input for viewing high-definition video and comes with power adapter, desk stand and a remote control. The high quality of the reproduced image, increased Image sharpness and detail is achieved through the use of monitors to be widescreen LCD-matrix with a diagonal of 22 inches and a resolution HD 1080p. CCTV operator can monitor the situation at the facility in real time, looking to STM-223 in full-screen image or multiscreen mode. Also monitor CCTV supports PiP (PIP") and PbP (picture for picture"), providing the operator to select the video source to the foreground and background windows. Contrast and brightness of the new monitors Smartec of 1000:1 and 250 cd / sq. m, respectively.
These figures provide a detailed map, even fine detail rendering scenes and objects clear of dark tones. Viewing angle, which has a new video display is 170 horizontal and 160 vertically, providing a comfortable viewing from anywhere in the video premises. Fast response time of the pixel (5 ms) increases the efficiency of video monitors for the fast-moving objects, since the effect of blurring and motion blur becomes invisible to the human eyes. The new LCD-monitor is designed for continuous operation of the systems around the clock surveillance and eliminates "burn-out" matrix of pixels when displaying static scenes, through the support functions of Anti Burn-in. To reduce image noise as a source, and due to the work of codecs, video compression, implementing, STM-223 supports a digital 3D-noise (3DNR). In addition, the monitor comes in video metal housing, which shields the electronics from interference, and will be an excellent choice for video surveillance points at industrial sites. Due to the presence of multiple input / output interfaces monitor CCTV provides video signals from various sources, including analog and IP-cameras, PCs, DVRs, etc., so it can be used in hybrid and IP-video surveillance systems, in systems building management, etc.
To receive analog video surveillance monitor has a composite video input for connection to a PC – Connector D-Sub. In addition, STM-223 is a multimedia HDMI-DVI to broadcast pictures High Definition. For the convenience of CCTV STM-223 provides a variety of mounting options. In particular, for placement on the horizontal surface of the monitor stand is equipped with video surveillance, and for the suspension Installation is a standard mount VESA. In addition, the monitor can be mounted on the ceiling with optional brackets party. To supply the STM-223 uses regular adapter with output voltage 12 V DC, and its power consumption does not exceed 50 watts. Configuring STM-223 through a built-in menu using the remote control that is included.
Heated concrete with heating wires PNSV Heated concrete with the heating wire electrical contact method of concrete based on the transfer of heat from the surface of the concrete laid in concrete heating wire heated by a strong current of up to tempo. 80 C. Heat is distributed as concrete has good thermal conductivity. The maximum efficiency is achieved by using wires with a steel housing F1, 8 – 3mm. They admit drive out the load on the 1st of 80 to 160 watts, depending on the electrical resistance and the diameter of the vein.
This method allows you to heat the concrete to the required strength. Heating cables should be placed in the body of concrete, otherwise they will burn! In as a heating wire using special wire for concrete stamps PNSV-1, 2 with galvanized steel housing with a diameter of 1.2 mm in PVC insulation (perhaps use radio broadcasting wires type PTPZH-2×1, 2 with two galvanized steel wires in the insulation of crosslinked polyethylene). Electrical heating wires is carried out through step-down transformer substation type TSDZ-63 / 0.38 TSDZ-80, SPB-80, CTS TO-80/86 KTP-63/OB or who have multiple levels of low-voltage, which allows you to adjust the thermal power released when the resistive wire outside air temperature. One of the substation can be warm 20-30 m3 of concrete. Resistive wire can heat any solid structures at ambient temperature to -30 SV average heating 1m3 monolithic concrete requires 60 m mark heating wire PNSV-1, 2. Table of characteristics wires type PNSV heating wire with a steel PNSV residential and insulated with polyvinyl chloride is used to heat the monolith betona.1.
The optimal solution recovery trucks, pushers transport concern "Mayer-group" achieved by an integrated approach using new technological solutions in relation to transport aspects of the operation of ships in order to get, figuratively speaking, large new vehicles at the lowest cost possible and time. The basis selected renovation of the old ship, the main idea which is that the main body with all communications, providing vital functions of the ship and its movement can and should be better still for quite a long time. In this case, along with technical issues in aggregate goals, take into account economics, management and the basis of planned and anticipated freight. Housing renovated ship, which preserved the old name, consists of three parts: the aft end of the parent vessel, built in 60-70s, such as Klosterneuburg, Straubing width of 9.5 meters from the accommodation superstructure and engine room sections, such as SL-17 000 ', built in 70-80s years, a width of 11 meters and new cylindrical inserts of the same width of 11 meters and 24 meters in length, are welded together in a special way. The new cylindrical insert is made of metal thickness 8 mm, slightly thicker than the worn out time, the body section and the rear part of the old ship. The residual thickness of the metal casing section and aft on the results of flaw measurement ranges from 6 to 8 mm after more than 20 to 30 years operating on the Danube. As a result of this modernization has increased the length of the hull from 80 to 113.5 meters, which led to the fact that the dimensions of the vessel, convoy were almost comparable to the size of navigable waterways to section of the Upper Danube Canal Rhine-Main-Danube Canal.