On Mount Pentelikon, north-east of Athens, was extracted milky-white marble with streaked greenish mica. Of it were built the famous Parthenon, the Temple of Olympian Zeus, and many other monuments of Greek art. With the passage of time due to an increase in iron content pentelikonsky marble acquires the noble golden-brown hue. Of white marble, but is not produced in Greece and in Makorane, a village near the Indian city of Jaipur, built the famous monument of love, the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan for his his wife – the mausoleum of the Taj Mahal. Built in the xvii century, he still stands on the banks of the river Yamuna, hitting its perfection and monumentality. The special effect of the complex of the Taj Mahal gives a kind of polished stone, reflecting changes in the flow of light: morning, afternoon, evening, this masterpiece of architecture looks different. Especially beautiful in the night, by moonlight.
In addition to the white marble for the construction of the mausoleum were used and other breeds natural stone from around the world: the red sandstone of Fatehpur – Sikri, hrizalit from Egypt and even malachite mined in the Urals. Marble has become an indispensable material in the time of the Renaissance: the great sculptors embodied in it their creative ideas and ideas. From this natural stone sculptures carved his great Italian master Michelangelo. Of the marble slabs of Carrara by instrument artist born amazing and perfect statue groups of sculptures and bas-reliefs. Marble staircase with a handrail and balusters fine work adorned the great palaces and temples, and beautiful benches, fountains and vases are an integral part of the gardens and parks.